Anorak

Anorak | The Daily Mail Says Bagels Give You Cancer And Sugar Is ‘Evil’

The Daily Mail Says Bagels Give You Cancer And Sugar Is ‘Evil’

by | 21st, January 2014

Screen shot 2014-01-20 at 22.33.16

 

THIS might be the Mail’s most desperate scare story to date. If a bagel is your biggest problem, you might just be ok.

BROOKE ALPERT & DR PATRICIA FARRIS spin a story of terrifying sugar. Sugar is “evil”, “addictive” and “risky”; it gives you “heart disease and type 2 diabetes to Alzheimer’s and some cancers”; “kidney disease, and the eye condition macular degeneration”; sugar can “hijack your brain chemistry”.

But what about the bagel? How will that kill you?

A plain, average-size bagel is the equivalent in calories and sugar of five slices of white bread and sends your system into a sugar overload – setting you up to crash afterwards and reach for another unhealthy option.

Let’s look at the Mail’s story in a little more detail:

 

Alzheimers :

Dr. Paul Crane, associate professor of medicine at the University of Washington, did a study. He told the NY Times :

“People shouldn’t run for the hills or try crazy diets,” Dr. Crane cautioned. While an epidemiological study like this one can guide further exploration, he said, “This doesn’t show that changes in behavior that lower your individual blood sugar would decrease your individual risk of dementia.”

 

Diabetes:

The NHS says:

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you:
are over 40 years old
have a relative with the condition
are of South Asian, African-Caribbean or Middle Eastern origin
are overweight or obese

And sugar intake? Nothing said. Diabetes UK says you have an increased risk of Diabetes if you :

You are over 40 (or over 25 if you are South Asian)
You have a close family member with diabetes (parent, brother or sister)
You are overweight, with a large waist size (over 80cm (31.5 inches) for women, 94cm (37 inches) for men, or 89cm (35 inches) for South Asian men)
Being South Asian, Black African, African Caribbean even if you were born in the UK
You have ever had high blood pressure, a heart attack or a stroke
You’re a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome and overweight
If you’re a woman and you’ve had gestational diabetes or given birth to a baby over 10 pounds
If you have a severe mental illness for which you take medication (such as schizophrenia, bipolar illness or depression)
You’ve been told you have impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glycaemia.
Note: Some of these risks factors are genetic factors and there is little you can do to reduce them, so it’s best to concentrate on those you can change, such as your weight.

 

One person's weekly portion of rationed foods.

 

 

Cancer :

The NHS has long look at the link between cancer and sugar. It finds no cause and effect:

“One in six Britons with high blood sugar levels faces a greater danger of developing cancer,” The Observer reported. This story is based on research that found an association between high blood glucose levels and an increased risk of certain types of cancer over an average of 10 years of follow-up.

Although the research did find an association between high blood sugar levels and cancer risk, there are many other lifestyle, medical and genetic factors that may contribute to a person’s likelihood of developing cancer, few of which were considered in this analysis. Also, the study can only demonstrate a link between high blood sugar and cancer. It cannot indicate that one causes the other.

 

Add it to the list.

 

Kidney Disease:

There is talk of a link b etween kidney disease and diabetes.

This is the abstract of a study by the National Kidney Foundation :

Sugar consumption, especially in the form of fructose, has been hypothesized to cause kidney disease. This review provides an overview of the epidemiologic evidence that sugar consumption increases CKD risk. Research supports a causal role of sugar in several kidney disease risk factors, including increasing serum uric acid levels, diabetes, and obesity. Sugar may also harm the kidney via other mechanisms. There is no evidence that sucrose is any safer for the kidney than high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) because both are similar in composition. To date, 5 epidemiologic studies have directly evaluated the relationship between sugar consumption (in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages) and CKD. Although most studies suggest that the risk of CKD is elevated among consumers of sugar-sweetened beverages, only 2 studies report statistically significant associations. Three studies have also examined diet soda consumption, with two reporting positive and significant associations. Confounding by unmeasured lifestyle factors may play a role in the positive results whereas poor measurement of sugar and artificial sweetener intake could explain null results. Nevertheless, the hypothesis that sugar causes kidney disease remains plausible, and alternative research designs may be needed.

 

Macular Degeneration:

The

You have already read 1 premium article for free today
Access immediately the premium content with Multipass

Or come back tomorrow



Posted: 21st, January 2014 | In: News Comment | Follow the Comments on our RSS feed: RSS 2.0 | TrackBack | Permalink